Smooth Scroll Animations with JavaScript

In the vast landscape of web development, it’s the small details that can turn a good user experience into a great one. Smooth scroll animations are one such detail, offering a more polished feel to website navigation. While CSS provides basic tools, JavaScript allows for greater control and creativity in implementing these animations.

Why Smooth Scrolling?

Smooth scrolling enhances the user experience by providing a gentle glide as users navigate through your content, rather than the abrupt jumps typical of traditional page links. This effect is especially effective on long landing pages, portfolios, and one-page websites, where storytelling and engagement are key.

Implementing Smooth Scroll with JavaScript

Here’s a simple way to implement smooth scroll in JavaScript without relying on external libraries:

document.querySelectorAll('a[href^="#"]').forEach(anchor => {
anchor.addEventListener('click', function (e) {

behavior: 'smooth'

This script ensures that any link on your page that points to an anchor (#) will trigger a smooth scroll to that target element, enhancing the feel of your site with just a few lines of code.

Customizing the Scroll Effect

For more advanced effects, such as parallax scrolling or scroll-triggered animations, JavaScript’s window.requestAnimationFrame() method can be used to create highly customizable and performant scroll animations. This method allows for syncing with the browser’s repaint times, offering a smoother animation sequence.

function smoothScrollTo(element, duration) {
var targetPosition = element.getBoundingClientRect().top;
var startPosition = window.pageYOffset;
var startTime = null;

function animation(currentTime) {
if (startTime === null) startTime = currentTime;
var timeElapsed = currentTime - startTime;
var run = ease(timeElapsed, startPosition, targetPosition, duration);

window.scrollTo(0, run);

if (timeElapsed < duration) requestAnimationFrame(animation);

function ease(t, b, c, d) {
t /= d / 2;
if (t < 1) return c / 2 * t * t + b;
return -c / 2 * (t * (t - 2) - 1) + b;


Developers can experiment with different easing functions, scroll-triggered animations, and even integration with frameworks like Vue.js or React for SPA (Single Page Application) websites.

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